Carlos P. Romulo, in full Carlos Peña Romulo, (born January 14, 1899, Camiling, Philippines—died December 15, 1985, Manila), Philippine general, diplomat, and journalist known for his activities on behalf of the Allies during World War II and his later work with the United Nations.
In 1931 Romulo was made editor in chief of TVT Publications, comprising three newspapers, one in English, one in Spanish, and one in Tagalog (the second most prevalent language in the Philippines). In 1937 he became publisher of another chain of newspapers.
When Japan attacked the Philippines in 1941, he became an aide-de-camp to U.S. Gen. Douglas MacArthur on Corregidor Island, and his broadcasts became widely known as the “Voice of Freedom.” After Japan captured Corregidor, Romulo went with MacArthur to Australia and then joined the Philippine government-in-exile of Pres. Manuel Quezon in Washington, D.C., as secretary of information.
In 1941 Romulo won the Pulitzer Prize for Peace for his prewar evaluations of the military situation in the Pacific area. He returned to the Philippines with U.S. forces in 1945. In 1948 he served as president of the United Nations Conference on Freedom of Information in Geneva.
Romulo was president of the General Assembly of the UN (1949–50) and in 1950 became secretary of foreign affairs of the Philippines. In 1952 he was named ambassador to the United States. No longer satisfied with the politics of the incumbent Liberal Party, he decided in 1953 to run for the presidency of the Philippines on a third-party ticket, but he withdrew to become campaign manager for the successful Nacionalista Party candidate, Ramon Magsaysay. At the Bandung Conference of Afro-Asian countries in 1955, he criticized the tyranny of both communist rule and Western colonialism.
When the Philippines was elected to a seat on the United Nations Security Council in 1956, Romulo served as member of the council and during the month of January 1957 was its chairman. He served as president of the University of the Philippines, near Manila (1962–68), and secretary of education (1966–68). He then became secretary of foreign affairs (1968–78) and minister of foreign affairs (1978–84). In his later years, while serving under Pres. Ferdinand E. Marcos, Romulo became less democratic in his views. He supported Marcos’s imposition of martial law in 1972 and had by the mid-1970s evolved from a champion of a free press into an advocate of a controlled press, charging Western journalists with unfavourably reporting the problems of less-developed countries. Romulo’s autobiography, I Walked with Heroes, was published in 1961.
This lesson allows you to begin your journey into understanding yourself as a Filipino which will hopefully lead you to mastering yourself. You will know about the desirable traits of a true Filipino. It will help you answer questions about your role and duties as a citizen of this country. You must aim to: 1. show respect and appreciation for the national symbols of the Philippines; 2. discuss desirable Filipino traits and values; 3. use four words adjectives in describing yourself as a Filipino;
4. use information presented in a reading or viewing selection to infer, to evaluate, and to express critical ideas; and 5. respond to ideas, issues, and concerns presented in a reading or viewing selection in creative forms; II. Subject Matter Topic : I am a Filipino by Carlos P. Romulo Reference : English for Communication Arts and Skill pp. 181-185 Materials : bell, pictures, cartolina, power point presentation, ,laptop and other improvised materials. III. Procedure Teacher’s Activity A. Routines 1. Opening Prayer 2. Classroom Management 3. Checking of Attendance B. Priming/Motivation What is it? Now, class let’s have a guessing game. I will show you blurred pictures and try to guess what is portrayed in the given pictures.
I will be giving you three clues to easily guess those pictures. I will group you into two groups. If you know the answer, just press the bell. For every question there are five members who will represent your group. So all of you will have the chance to answer. The winning group will receive a prize later, after the class. So now, APOLLO are you ready? (Visual presentations are provided. )Clues: It helps the people in carrying heavy things. According to a fable, its skin switched with a cow. It has horns. What is it? Clues: It can be used as necklace.
We usually give it to our Saints. It smells good. What is it? Clues: It serves as our viand. Its name is a compound word. It has many bones. What is it? Clues: It tastes sour sometimes sweet. It can be used in making candies. It is rich in vitamin C. What is it? Clues: It is used as material in making furnitures. It has a seed that has thorns. It is the strongest tree. What is it? What did you notice with those images? Is there a resemblance among them? Yes, very good. All of them are our national symbols. I’m glad that you are still aware of our national symbols. b.
UNLOCKING OF DIFFICULTIES As we read the selection, we may encounter different words that will hinder us to understand the text, so in order us to find no difficulty in understanding let us be familiar with these words. Directions: Identify the meaning of the underlined word in each sentence. Analyze the sentence in order to get the real meaning of it. Your Initial Task (Visual aids are provided. )___1. The Filipinos are inheritors of the glorious past. ___2. Our rivers and lakes are teeming with fish. ___3. Early Filipinos are considered rich with their appurtenances in the different parts of their body.
___4. The purple invitation beckoned them to come in rich and happy land. ___5. The frail craft rocked as he clambered. Before we go on discovering what molded us as Filipinos, let’s identify the characteristics that we inherit from our ancestors. | Students’ Activity Yes. (Students form their group. ) Carabao (Students guess the picture. ) Sampaguita (Students guess the picture. ) Milkfish (Students guess the picture. ) Mango/ mangoes (Students guess the picture. ) Narra tree (Students guess the picture. ) Those are the Philippines’ national symbols. a. signaled b. heir c.
weak d. accessories e. full of f. strong Answers: 1. heir 2. full of 3. accessories 4. signaled 5. weak| Task 2. How I View Myself As a Filipino On a half-sheet of paper, complete the graphic organizer below by writing at least four traits or physical appearances which you believe you have as a Filipino. I am a Filipino C. LESSON PROPER (The teacher gives the annotated material to the students. ) But before you read the selection, I want to ask you a question; do you feel proud about being a Filipino? Now let’s discover if your opinion will change after reading this selection.
Class, please read silently the reading material. (After reading the selection. ) Who am I? is a question that every thoughtful person asks himself or herself. And there was a man who answered this question in the name of every Filipino. Do you know this person? Yes, very good! ( Visual presentations are provided. ) Anyone, please read. So, let’s move on and dig deeper with this selection. In paragraph 1, the author refers to a two-fold responsibility of a Filipino, what is his responsibility to the past and his task in relation to the future?
What do you think is our responsibility to the past as a Filipino? How about our task to the future? In paragraph 2, what qualities of our ancestors did we inherit? Yes, we inherited some of their physical appearances. Aside from their physical appearances. We also inherited their sense of hope by not easily giving up with the challenges we are facing. In paragraph 3 and 4 we get a picture of the land we inherited. Will you please describe this land in two adjectives? But, where is this land that the author is referring to, the land that we inherited?
That’s true, we all know that the Philippines is rich in natural resources so we must conserve and protect those resources. In paragraph 5 and 6, he mentioned of another great inheritance. What is it? And the seed that we are referring to is the courage of our heroes in facing challenges, their love for our country, bravery to attain our freedom and receive what is rightfully ours. Therefore, what is the main message of this selection? And if needed, we must also fight and protect our country from the conquerors. D.
Valuing Now I will ask you same question, did you feel proud about being a Filipino after reading the selection? Why? IV. Evaluation On a half sheet of bond paper, I want you to draw an image that symbolizes you as a Filipino. CLOSURE Synthesis What are the things that you can promise that you will do as a proud Filipino? Insights Now that you are aware of your inheritance, what are the ways you can contribute to protect your glorious inheritance? How? V. HOMEWORK (On a short bond paper. ) We all know that we achieved our freedom from the colonizers because our heroes defended our country.
Have a picture of the hero you adored the most and his/her contribution to our country. | hospitableI am a Filipino Filipino conservative optimistic cooperative Yes / No. He is Carlos P. Romulo, the author of the selection I am a Filipino. He is a writer, lecturer, statesman, diplomat and a journalist. He was elected as president of United Nations General Assembly, the only Filipino and the first Asian to hold that prestigious position. His task is to meet his responsibility to the past and the task of performing his obligation to the future. (Students’ answers may vary.)
To fight for our freedom. To protect what they inherited us. (Students’ answers may vary. ) Our task to the future is to continue pursuing our rights as a Filipino and fight for it. (Students’ answers may vary. ) We inherited their brown skin. (Students’ answers may vary. ) Their bravery in fighting from the invaders. (Students’ answers may vary. ) Rich and happy land. (Students’ answers may vary. ) It is the Philippines. (Students’ answers may vary. ) Immortal seed as mark of personhood and symbol of dignity as a human being. (Students’ answers may vary.)
As a Filipino, we must not forget what our heroes did for us, for our country. We must be proud of them and continue remembering them in our hearts. (Students’ answers may vary. ) Yes, because the Filipinos especially our heroes defended our country to achieve our freedom. (Students draw an image of something. ) I promise that I will give respect to our national heroes, symbols, and do good deeds. (Students’ answers may vary. ) One of the glorious inheritances from our ancestors is our dignity. I will try my very best to do good things in accordance with what is right. (Students’ answers may vary. ) |