Turner Test Prep Company-Case Studyblue

ccht practice test 5.0

1.Which of the following
best describes the reason for wearing gloves when handling machine prior to blood?
a) patient comfort
b) asepsis
c) universal precautions
d) HIV
2 You test for sterilant levels in a
hemodialysis machine prior to patient use. The test
is positive for sterilant. This means the machine:
a) is sterile & bacteria free
b) needs further rinsing
c) needs more sterilant
d) is in conductivity
a) creatinine, BUN, &
phosphorus are elevated
3.Choose the correct
statement regarding
serum abnormalities in
renal failure:
a) creatinine, BUN, &
phosphorus are elevated
b) creatinine BUN creatinine, BUN, &
phosphorus are depressed
c) calcium & bicarbonate are
d) calcium & bicarbonate are
4.Hemodialysis requires
a means to channel the
patient's blood to the
hemodialyzer & then back to the body. It's
a) vascular access
b) hemodialyzer
c) dialyzing fluid delivery system
d) infusion pump
b) usually created in the
forearm, near the wrist
5.Which of the following is correct regarding a fistula?
a) usually created in the leg, near the ankle
b) usually created in the
forearm, near the wrist
c) are made of salastic tubing
d) none of the above
c) blood leakage immediately
6.Blood leak detectors are extremely sensitive
& can determine:
a) blood type
b) amount of blood loss
c) blood leakage immediately
d) volume changes
e) serum potassium levels
d) bananas, tomatoes, oranges
7.Which of the following foods are high in
a) milk, ice cream, yogurt
b) legumes, cheese, pizza
c) chips, colas, canned meat
d) bananas, tomatoes, oranges
a) calcium, phosphorus &
8.What lab values are monitored for
assessing bone disease?
a) calcium, phosphorus &
b) calcium, phosphorus &
c) calcium, phosphorus &
d) calcium, phosphorus &
9.Which is the most common cause of chronic kidney failure in the US?
a) diabetes
b) hypertension
c) polycystic kidney smaller molecular
d) glomerulonephritis
b) potassium has a smaller molecular weight
10.The reason potassium dialyzes and
RBC's do not is:
a) potassium has a larger molecular weight
b) potassium has a smaller molecular weight
c) RBC's are not water soluble
d) RBC's have a negative charge
a) less than 0 .1mg/L (ppm)
11.Acceptable limits for total chlorines in water for hemodialysis are?
a) less than 0 .1mg/L (ppm)
b) 0.5 mg/L to 1 mg/L(ppm)
c) 3.5 mg/L to 5.5 mg/L to 5.5 mg/L(ppm)
d) greater than 6.0 mg/L(ppm)
b) dialysis disequilibrium syndrome
12.If a new patient starts with a very high
BUN, dialysis is purposely made less efficient to prevent:
a) rapid decrease in hct
b) dialysis disequilibrium syndrome
c) cardiac arrhythmia's
d) excessive coagulation
13.The following are factors in poor clearance during
dialysis except:
a) poor dialyzer reuse
b) access recirculation
c) low hematocrit
d) low blood flow rate
14.The movement of water from an area of low solute
concentration to an area of high solute
concentration is called:
a) diffusion
b) osmosis
c) ultrafiltration
d) dialysis
15.Potting compound, casing, fibers and headers are part of a:
a) dialysis machine
b) water treatment system
c) R. O. system
d) dialyzer
16.Mr. Jones has a dry weight of 72 kg. He weighed 73 kg after last treatment. Today he weighs 75.5 kg. Assume prime and rinse back =500 ml total. What is Mr.Jones' fluid removal goal for today?
a) 2.5 liters or 2500 ml
b) 3.0 liters or 3000 ml
c) 4.0 liters or 4000 ml
d) 4.5 liters or 4500
c) concentration of red blood cells in the blood
17.A hematocrit test indicates which of the
a) concentration of platelets
b) concentration of creatinine in the blood
c) concentration of red blood cells in the blood
d) concentration of white blood cells in the blood
18.What factors should be considered when
establishing a patient's dry weight?
a) blood pressure
b) patient well being
c) evidence of dehydration or fluid overload
d) all of the above
c) appropriately mix the dialysate concentrates
with water
19.In a dialysis machine, the
proportioning system does what?
a) prepare the dialysate to the proper pH
b) warm the dialysate to the proper temperature
c) appropriately mix the dialysate concentrates
with water
d) to monitor the dialysate flow rate
20.The complication in which blood has a
"cherry pop"appearance is:
a) blood leak
b) air embolism
c) hemolysis
d) none of the above
21.The use of high a sodium dialysate may
predispose a patient to:
a) fluid overload
b) hypertension
c) thirst
d) all of the above
22.The capability of a dialyzer to remove fluid, expressed as ml/mmHg/hr is:
a) UF Coefficient
b) clearance
c) surface area
d) priming volume
b) resistance to blood flow out of the access
through the dialyzer
23.A pre-pump arterial pressure reading is
a) the pressure required to pump the blood
through the dialyzer
b) resistance to blood flow out of the access
c) pressure within the dialyzer
d) none of the above
24.What determines the surface area of a
hollow fiber dialyzer?
a) number of fibers
b) internal diameter of fibers
c) length of fibers
d) all of the above
b) increase the rate of waste removal
25.The purpose of using counter-current flow is to:
a) increase the rate of fluid removal
b) increase the rate of waste removal
c) decrease the amount of dialysate used
d) decrease the surface area of the membrane
26.Chloramine exposure in dialysis can result in:
a) hypernatremia
b) hemolysis
c) pericarditis
d) bleeding
d) the dialyzer fibers are free of leaks
27.Part of the reuse process involves the reuse machine testing the dialyzer to verify:
a) the dialyzer is free of sterilant
b) the dialyzer is free of bacteria
c) the dialyzer is free of endotoxins
d) the dialyzer fibers are free of leaks
28.According to AAMI RD52, what is the
maximum allowable level of bacteria in dialysate?
a) 1,000 CFU's
b) 50 CFU's
c) 200 CFU's
d) 500 CFU's
29.According to AAMI RD52, how often
should bacterial cultures be sampled?
a) weekly
b) monthly
c) quarterly
d) annually
30.According to AAMI RD52, what is the action level for bacteria in dialysate?
a) 50 CFU's
b) 75 CFU's
c) 100 CFU's
d) 200 CFU's
31.Bacterial exposure from water may cause which of the following symptoms?
a) hemolysis
b) fever/chills
c) bone disease
d) hypotension
32.Who developed the first permanent blood access, the "Shunt"?
a) Scribner and Quinton
b) Kolff
c) Brescia and Cimino
d) Turner
33.Venous pressure meters are calibrated in:
a) PSI
b) mm/Hg
c) mL/hour
d) mg%
34.TPM is measured as:
a) mL/hr
b) mm/Hg
c) mL/min
d) none of the above
35.The hemodialysis machine continuously monitors many parameters. Which of these parameters must be verified by an external measuring
a) blood flow
b) dialysate flow
c) pH and conductivity
d) temperature and transmembrane pressure
b) chlorine and chloramine
36.Prior to each patient shift, it would be essential to
perform a water quality check for which of these substances?
a) calcium and magnesium
b) chlorine and chloramine
c) organic contaminants
d) inorganic contaminants
37.The term pH is a measurement of the
concentration of:
a) all ions in solution
b) hydrogen ions
c) bicarbonate ions
d) acetate ions
c) determine the patient's learning needs
38.The technician's role in patient teaching
should be to:
a) assess the patient"s barriers to learning
b) check the patient's readiness to learn new
c) determine the patient's learning needs
d) Reinforce teaching that the patient has received
from other team members
39.What can dialysis staff do to reduce the
risk of being infected with a blood borne pathogen?
a) proper hand washing
b) universal precautions
c) proper sharps disposal
d) all of the above
40.Which of the following are ways to
handle chemicals safely?
a) wash hands before eating or drinking
b) wear protective clothing
c) don't eat or drink in the work area
d) all of the above
41.What is the correct angle in which to cannulate a fistula?
a) 10-15 degrees
b) 25-35 degrees
c) 35-45 degrees
d) it dosen't matter
42.Which of the following affects access recirculation?
a) distance between the tips of the needles
b) presence of stenosis
c) direction of needles
d) all of the above
43.The technician observes that the hardness reading after the water softener isabove the acceptable
limit. The technician should check the softener tank's level of:
a) salt
b) chlorine
c) carbon
d) sand
c) about one ounce (30 ml) of fluid is on the floor
44. A technician observes all of the following in
the hemodialysis unit. Which one poses an environmental risk?
a) the wheels of the hemodialysis machines are locked
b) charts are lying on bedside tables
c) about one ounce (30 ml) of fluid is on the floor
d) a patient's family member is present during treatment
a) Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)
45. When preparing a bleach solution for cleaning
equipment, the technician accidentally spills undiluted
bleach on the floor. Which of these resources will provide the technician with information about how to
properly handle spill of the chemical?
a) Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)
b) Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC)
c) Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI)
d) State Department of Health (DOH)
d) the dialyzer was bypassed
46. A conductivity alarm sounds during a
hemodialysis treatment. The technician should expect which of these events to have occurred?
a) the blood pump has stopped
b) the dialysate flow rate has increased
c) the electrical power source was interrupted
d) the dialyzer was bypassed
c) obtain a sample after the second
47. During routine water testing, the technician notes
that the chloramine level after the first carbon tank is 0.2mg/L. Which of these actions should the technician
take next?
a) bypass the carbon tanks
b) descale the reverse osmosis membranes
c) obtain a sample after the second
d) immediately terminate hemodialysis treatments
a) refer the patient to the social worker
48. A female technician has been caring for a male patient for several months. The patient tells the technician that he is lonely and depressed. He asks the
technician to go out to dinner with him. In addition to politely declining the patient's invitation, which of these actions, if any, should be taken:
a) refer the patient to the social worker
b) recommend an over-the-counter mood stimulant, such as St. John's wort
c) share the patient's need for socialization with other patients
d) no further action is needed
d) left-sided trendelenberg
49. A hemodialysis technician suspects that a patient who is receiving a hemodialysistreatment has an air embolus. After stopping the blood pump, the patient
should be placed in which of these positions?
a) low-fowlers
b) high-fowlers
c) right-sided trendelenberg
d) left-sided trendelenberg
50. During hemodialysis a patient goes into
cardiac arrest. Which of these actions shouldbe taken first?
a) apply a precordial thump to the patient
b) call for help
c) return the patient's blood
d) stop ultrafiltration

11th Grade US History EOC

the belief (theory) that it was the right of the United States to occupy all of America from Sea to Shining Sea!
The Census of 1890 announced the official end of the American Frontier (Frederick Jackson Turner)
this war between the states (CSA v. USA) promoted the growth of industrialism in the late 1800s (steel, railroads, communication, weapons, mass production of pre-made goods)
railroad baron, a true symbol of the "Gilded Age," known as the Commodore. A college in Tennessee bears his name.
owned U.S. Steel and used Vertical integration to monopolize the steel industry. Gave millions to build libraries and schools.
developed the air-braking system and alternating current - this allowed power to be sent over long distances.
the sleeping car made him a very wealthy man. 1894 Strike resulted in the death of 34 people.
he invented the telephone and was a pioneer in communication not only for the hearing, but for the deaf and hearing impaired as well.
the light bulb is his most famous invention, he also invented the phonograph, and the first motion pictures.
owner of Standard Oil, he used Horizontal Integration to control the oil business
developed the food processing industry (meat packing)
Gustavus Swift and Philip Armour
the belief that the strongest societies will survive. This idea was also used to justify monopolies and trusts. If a business is meant to survive - it will. Laissez - Faire: government should keep out of business limit regulations.
social darwinism-survival of the fittest
distillers conspired with political parties to cheat the U.S. Govt. out of millions of dollars of tax revenue. Citizens would demand reform within the government. Money was going to political parties instead of where it should go.
political machine that controlled politics in NYC in the late 1800s. Controlled by Boss William Marcy Tweed who was exposed by the political cartoons of Thomas Nast in Harpers Weekly. Nast is the father of the symbols of political parties, the modern image of Santa Claus.
he invented barbed wire and brought an end to the open range.
he invented the typewriter.
he made milk chocolate available to the world. A Pennsylvania city bears his name.
he invented the telegraph.
he was a wealthy banker - purchased Carnegie Steel and created U.S. Steel.
attempt to stop patronage and political scandal, required government employees to pass a Civil Service Exam
Pendleton Civil Service Act
the first government attempt to regulate business. (1887) required railroads to charge fair rates and to publish those shipping rates.
political movement for the common people. The government should own the railroads. Bimetallism, workers should have an 8 hour workday and better benefits. William Jennings Bryan - Cross of Gold Speech
phrase coined by Mark Twain, describes time period between 1865-1900, extravagant wealth (top 5% held 86% of the nations wealth) terrible poverty existed underneath the surface.
an attempt by the US Government to Americanize the Native Americans. Divided reservations into small family sized plots of land.
people came to America to escape harsh conditions in their own countries. (Gold Rush, Religious Freedom, Jobs, Land)
protestants, lighter skin, lighter hair, lighter eyes, came to America from Western Europe - (Great Britain, Germany) in search of religious freedom.
immigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe, they did not speak English - primarily Catholic. Came for opportunity - jobs, land.
feelings of hostility for immigrants. It favored people or products that were American.
created the Hull House to help the inner-city poor. Provided health care, and education to those in need.
photographer who showed the harsh conditions in America's big cities during the Gilded Age. Published a book titled How the Other Half Lives.
We should spread the American culture to the less fortunate. It would provide more jobs, supply raw materials, and provide much needed navy bases. It would also open up new markets for businesses - a strong sense of nationalism.
Imperialism (Hawaii, Alaska, Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines)
(1898) Explosion of the USS Maine in Havana Harbor, Battle of San Juan Hill - Teddy Roosevelt, the Philippines, Cuba, Yellow Fever, US support of Imperialism.
(18th Amendment) illegal to manufacture, distribute, or possess any type of alcoholic beverage (distilled spirits). The Noble Experiment. Opened the door for organized crime (Al Capone), bootleggers and smuggling.
Prohibition (18th Amendment)
President Teddy Roosevelt helped Panama gain independence from Columbia (created a revolution). The United States completed the job that France was unable to finish. This feat greatly increased the power of the Navy by linking the Atlantic and the Pacific. The distance of travel (New York to San Francisco) was shortened by several thousand miles. The United States would now control shipping in the Western Hemisphere.
William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer published sensational stories and used this form of journalism to promote the Spanish-American War.
idea that the United States should get involved in world affairs
idea that the United States should avoid involvement in world affairs. The quote from George Washington inspired this belief, "avoid foreign entanglements.
(19th Amendment) Women gained the right to vote with the passage in 1920. The Perfect 36, at the time of passage, the number of states was 48. 3/4ths of the states had to pass a proposed amendment before it would be added to the Constitution. Tennessee became the 36th state to ratify the 19th Amendment.
He was the youngest member of the Tennessee legislature from McMinn County. Carrie Chapman Catt visited his mother, who convinced him to vote in favor of the amendment. Harry Burn cast the tie breaking vote and women across America earned the right to vote. "Don't forget to be a good boy and Help Mrs. Catt with her rats!"
Harry T. Burn

Tennessee (The Perfect 36)
(Ratification of the 19th Amendment) (Women's Suffrage)
she was the National director of the Women's Suffrage Movement. She lobbied for the passage of the 19th Amendment from Tennessee.
he was the 34th governor of Tennessee - He was governor when the 19th Amendment was ratified. (Perfect 36) He called for a special session of the
phrase coined by Teddy Roosevelt. Reporters who discovered corruption within industry and government organizations. Laws were created and changed because of their work.
reporter who exposed illegal actions committed by the Standard Oil Company.
vegetarian activist who exposed the horrific conditions in the meat packing plants of Chicago. His book, The Jungle, aimed to hit America in the heart, but hit in the stomach instead. This book led to the passage of the Meat Inspection Act of 1906 and brought awareness to unsafe practices.
Alliances, Nationalism, Imperialism, Militarism, Anarchy, Leadership. (Causes of...)
Causes of the Great War (ANIMAL)
pilot who was the first to fly solo nonstop from NYC to Paris. His plane, the Spirit of St. Louis, now resides in the Smithsonian institute. The flight took 33 and 1⁄2 hours! He became a folk hero to America.
this became a centerpiece of the home in the 1920s. Shows like The Lone Ranger, The Shadow, Little Orphan Annie aired on this device. President FDR used this as a means of communicating with the American public in what became known as fireside chats.
overspeculation in the stock market, crop failures, drought, too much credit - buying on time, unemployment, bank failures, tariff barriers, uneven distribution of wealth - middle class very small
Causes / Reasons for the Great Depression
shantytowns made from scrap material, wood, metal, etc. Homeless people lived in these during the depression.
pockets turned inside out to protest the poor economy.
newspapers used to cover up with due to the poor economy.
veterans of the Great War (WW I) who marched on Washington D.C. to demand the bonus promised to them in 1945. In 1932 US troops attacked this group and drove them out of the capital.
many people traveled this famous highway to California during the Great Depression. Many were from Arkansas (Arkies) and Oklahoma (Okies). The spirit of this group was captured in the classic book The Grapes of Wrath. California was called "The big rock candy mountain or the land of milk and honey." The people were looking for hope.
Route 66

Migration to California

(Okies and Arkies)
poor farming practices and a severe drought led to horrible dust storms and left much of the Southern Great Plains in despair.
(1933 - 1936) FDR's plan to end the Great Depression. 3 major goals were what FDR called his 3 R's - Relief, Recovery and Reform. Many were put back to work, but the Depression was ended when America entered WW II.
created by President Roosevelt's Second New Deal. Provided a pension plan for retired citizens and those who were disabled.
this agency employed more people than any other. Workers built roads, bridges, schools, post offices and numerous other public buildings.

work progress administration
created by the New Deal to help with flood control, provide jobs, and cheap hydro electric power to a seven state area.

Tennessee Valley Authority
created by the New Deal to establish confidence in the nation's banks. The government would provide insurance for up to $5,000

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
young men from 18 to 25 were employed to build parks, playgrounds, clear trails, build dams, and plant trees. The site where Powell High School sits was a camp for this agency during the Great Depression.

Civilian Conservation Corps

also known as Roosevelt's "tree army"
she became the symbol of the working woman during World War II. Women were welders, machinists, fabricators, etc...
this (1935) act gave workers the right to join labor unions. A minimum wage was established, and the maximum hours that one could work.
in an attempt to restore trust in the nation's banks, FDR closed all banks for 4 days. Only those banks that were solvent were allowed to reopen. The closures of the banks coupled with the creation of the FDIC were attempts to stop runs on the banks.
The Axis powers during World War II. (remember they wanted to dance a JIG on the map of the world!)
Germany, Italy, and Japan
Allied powers during World War II. (remember RUG) and France.
Great Britain, the Soviet Union, the United States, France
the secret project to build an atomic weapon.
Tennessee city created to help construct the first atomic weapons. Hanford, Washington and Los Alamos, New Mexico also played important roles in the project. This site in Tennessee was chosen for its seclusion and proximity to cheap hydroelectric power.
the two Japanese cities were destroyed on August 6, 1945 and August 9, 1945 by atomic bombs. The use of these weapons brought about the surrender of Japan.
this brought women into the workforce, America saw daycare for the first time ever, many people moved to urban areas in search of employment, African-Americans found work in factories.
One of the greatest pieces of legislation in American history, this gave veterans the opportunity to go to school, get job training and guaranteed home loans. It also provided loans to those starting a business.
The Final Solution - 6 million European Jews and 5 million others would die in Concentration Camps. (Genocide)
per FDR this Executive Order would place more than 100,000 Japanese Americans into Internment camps. Korematsu v. the United States (1944) the Supreme Court agreed with FDR that American citizens should be protected from possible uprising. Finally, under President Reagan in the 80s the government would apologize and make payments to survivors.
Executive Order 9066 (Japanese Internment Camps)
Congressman from Tennessee, he became the Secretary of State under FDR and served in that position longer than anyone in American history. He is often called the "Father of the United Nations." He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1945.
"Day of Infamy" December 7, 1941. Over 1,100 men died aboard the USS Arizona.
December 7, 1941

Pearl Harbor
the turning point of the war in the Pacific, from this point forward the Japanese would be on the defensive.
Operation Torch - 1943, General Patton would lead the Americans to victory and eventually attack what Churchill called the "soft underbelly of Europe."
Operation Overlord - June 6, 1944 the greatest amphibious invasion in history to that point - A second front designed to liberate Europe would be opened.
May 8, 1945 would become known as...
August 14, 1945 would become known as... (the formal surrender of Japan would actually take place aboard the USS Missouri on September 2, 1945.
VJ Day August 14, 1945
(Formal Surrender September 2, 1945)
the United States policy designed to keep Communism from spreading after WW II.
belief that if one nation fell to Communism, so would those around it.
Karl Marx was the father of this type of government - ideally, it would create a classless society.
Southern Democrats who opposed desegregation (Brown v. Board of Education 1954). Strom Thurmond ran for President in 1948 as a member of this political party. Ironically, the symbol of the party was the Statue of Liberty!
Dixiecrats (Strom Thurmond)
(1950 - 1953) arguably the most brutal war America has ever been involved in - temperatures in excess of - 40◦ F. 54,000 Americans would lose their lives in what became known as "The Forgotten War." The USSR and China would aid North Korea. At the conclusion of fighting the country would remain divided at the 38th Parallel. The war has never officially ended. America still has troops there today. President Truman called this war "A Police Action."
Korean War (The Forgotten War)
this resolution was passed by Congress giving President Lyndon Johnson authority to escalate U.S. involvement in Vietnam after the USS Maddox and USS Turner Joy were said to have been fired on by North Vietnamese gun boats.
58,000 Americans would lose their lives in the first TV war. The United States wanted to prevent communism from spreading to South Vietnam. Although America inflicted extremely heavy casualties on the enemy, public opinion turned against the war. More bombs were dropped here than on Germany, Japan, and Korea combined.
Communist leader of Cuba who led a successful revolution in 1959. He declared Cuba would become a Communist state. (90 miles from Florida)
after WW II, this country was divided into West & East. The West would be democratic and the east would be communist. The city of Berlin would also be divided.
The plan to rebuild Europe after WW II to avoid the spread of communism. The U.S. spent billions in war torn countries. Secretary of State George Marshall felt that stronger countries could avoid falling to communism.
A United States plan to help Greece and Turkey avoid falling to communism. Within this doctrine, President Truman said America would aid any free people (country) fighting against communism.
The Soviet Union built a concrete wall around the Eastern communist controlled section of Berlin. The wall became the ultimate symbol of the Cold War. The purpose of the wall was to keep people from escaping to the Western (free) sector of Berlin.
United States C-54 cargo planes transported needed supplies into the city of Berlin after Stalin ordered the roadways and waterways into the city sealed off. (food, fuel, medicine, etc.)
Military alliance formed by the United States and allies to provide security in the event of an attack by the USSR.
Military alliance formed by the USSR with other communist countries from Eastern Europe.
Cuban exiles in the United States were trained by the CIA to overthrow Fidel Castro and his communist regime. President Kennedy's biggest failure - at the last moment JFK called back the air support and the mission failed. It was an embarrassment for the US.
Brinkmanship - (I called it nuclear chicken!) (1962) U2 spy planes took photographs of Soviet nuclear missiles being placed in Cuba. JFK authorized a naval blockade around Cuba and demanded the missiles be dismantled and removed. The USSR pledged to remove the missiles - the United States removed missiles from Turkey and promised not to invade Cuba.
Senator Joseph McCarthy (1950s) fear of Communism - he used fear to gain political power. His tactics destroyed many lives. President Truman announces a plan to investigate Federal Employees for connections to communism. Senator John F. Kennedy challenged McCarthy and his tactics.
the first artificial satellite was launched by the USSR on October 4, 1957. As a result the United States began to emphasize science and math in education. NASA was formed.
The plan to put a man into space (United States). John Glenn became the first American to orbit the earth.
The bold project to put a man on the moon proposed by JFK. Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin became the first men to walk on the moon. "One small step for man, one giant leap for mankind."
he became the father of the suburbs when he transformed a New Jersey potato farm into the largest neighborhood in the United States. Used mass production techniques to build houses. (Levittown)
period of time after WW II until the early 1960s, millions of babies were born in the United States.
name for the popular form of music that teens were listening to in the 1950s.
Memphis studio where Elvis Presley, Johnny Cash, and Jerry Lee Lewis
famous Nashville radio station that aired The Grand Ole Opry.
birth place of country music many careers were started here. Minnie Pearl,
Buck Owens, Roy Clark, etc.
"the King of Rock n' Roll" appeared on the Ed Sullivan show in 1955. He recorded at Sun Records. Honorably served in the Army when he was drafted. Home in a former church (Graceland) located in Memphis, Tennessee.
"Tune in, Turn on, Drop Out," was a common phrase of this movement. Beatniks, Hippies, Flowerchildren. Became popular during the Vietnam War. Huge party at Woodstock, NY in the Summer of 1969.
(1896) Supreme Court decision that created the "separate but equal" doctrine. As a result many states across the South had "Jim Crow Laws." Separate water fountains, restrooms, entrances, segregated seating at movie theatres, etc. Most importantly, segregated schools.
(1954) Supreme Court decision overturned Plessy v. Ferguson. Supreme Court ruled that all public schools should be desegregated with all deliberate speed. "Separate can never be equal."
Brown vs Board of Education
(1966) Supreme Court decision - a suspect must be made aware of his or her rights when arrested. "You have the right to remain silent, anything you say can and will be used against you in a court of law..."
(1963) Supreme Court decision - ruled that every defendant in a criminal case must be provided an attorney if they cannot afford it.
(1973) Supreme Court decision that gave women the right to choose.
(1962) Supreme Court decision that made prayer led by school officials
(1957) Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas. Nine African-American students became the first to attend. Ernest Green was the first to graduate. The 101st Airborne had to be sent in to escort the students to class.
(1962) he became the 1st African-American to attend Ole Miss. Air Force veteran.
the Montgomery Bus Boycott began in 1955 after she refused to give up her seat. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. became the leader of the boycott.
she was a leader of the sit-ins in Nashville, Tennessee and later worked for the passage of the Equal Rights Amendment.
(1964) This act ended legal segregation in all aspects of society. Senator Albert Gore, Sr. pushed for Civil Rights (Tennessee Senator who refused to sign the Southern Manifesto)
the federal government was given the power to force local officials to allow African-Americans the right to vote. (literacy tests, poll taxes and grandfather clauses were made illegal)
Voting Rights Act of 1965
leader of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) believed in non-violent civil disobedience. Most famous speech, "I have a dream." James Earl Ray assassinated him in 1968 in Memphis, Tennessee.
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr
He wrote a book -- By Any Means Necessary "You can't separate peace from freedom because no one can be at peace unless he has his freedom." Black Muslim leader who was assassinated by members of his own group. Believed differently than Dr. King believed in physical violence if necessary. (Nation of Islam)
Civil Rights leader who coined the phrase "Black Power." Leader of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee and later the Black Panthers.
She wrote, "The Feminine Mystique." Feminist leader who believed women could make it in a man's world.
1st President to travel to China, 1st to travel to Russia, only President to resign from office.
Washington Post reporters who broke the Watergate story and brought down President Nixon.
Tennessee Senator who said, "What did the President know, and when did he know it?"
Howard Baker
Tennessee Senator
Texas Senator who headed up the Senate Committee investigating Watergate.
Group working for President Nixon to fix "leaks" coming out of the White House.
The Great Communicator (1981-1989) He led America to victory in the Cold War, oversaw the largest non-war military buildup in history. Believed in trickle down economics, tax breaks to business - economic growth. He reduced the size of government through Deregulation - Reaganomics. John Hinckley attempted to assassinate him in 1981.
founded Wal-Mart and Sam's Club. Bought in extremely large quantities and sold at low prices. (Discount Stores)
largest manufacturer of computers. "Dude, you're getting a..."
father of the Ford Mustang and the Chrysler Minivan! CEO of Chrysler. Saved Chrysler from collapse. He paid back the money Chrysler borrowed from the government. "If you can find a better car, buy it."
multi-millionaire who made his fortune in the real-estate business. Tried to copyright the phrase, "You're Fired!" Started the USFL a football league that played in the Spring. He fought the NCAA so that Jrs. Could come out of school to play professional football.


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