Benjamin Franklin, born in 1706, was an author, diplomat, American printer, philosopher, and scientist. He contributed to two different things. They are the American Revolution and the new form of federal government.
Benjamin grew up in Boston, along with his sixteen other siblings. When he was fifteen years old, he delivered newspapers during the day and wrote articles for the newspapers at night. But, in 1792, James Franklin was imprisoned for writing an ‘offensive article’, and was mistaken under Benjamin Franklin’s name.
In October 1723, Benjamin decided to leave Boston because of James Franklin, and all the disagreements he had with him. He then moved to Philadelphia. He was pretty worried and concerned because when he came there, he only had three cents in his pocket. There, he met the governor of Pennsylvania, Sir William Keith, and they became friends. Keith convinced Benjamin to complete his training in becoming a printer, in London. Benjamin listened to what he had to say, and agreed with him. When he was eighteen years old, he worked at two different printing houses.
Benjamin Franklin founded the American Philosophical Society, which is an organization of the promotion of science, in 1743. Also, in 1744 he invented a stove, which furnished more heat with a reduced consumption of fuel. He called the stove the Franklin Stove. Another thing he invented was swimming fins, since he loved swimming. He also invented the lightning rod, and received honorary degrees from two universities. They were the University of Saint Andrews and the University of Oxford. Benjamin was very talented in Mathematics, but mostly science.
Benjamin decided that he was going to sell his printing press business in 1748. He was elected to the Pennsylvania Assembly in 1750. In 1754 he was the delegate that went to Albany to discuss different ways of dealing with the threat of the French and Indian War. In 1757, Benjamin Franklin went to England to petition the king for the right to levy taxes on proprietary lands.
Suffering many great hardships, Benjamin traveled to Canada in the effort to enlist the support and also the cooperation in the Revolutionary War. When he came back to Pennsylvania, he was one of the five people that were chosen to draft the Declaration of Independence. He was one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. Benjamin made this statement: “We must all hang together, or assuredly shall all hang separately.
Benjamin left all his responsibilities and duties in France and went back to Philadelphia. He was picked right away to become the president of the Pennsylvania executive council. Two months after encouraging the abolition of slavery, Benjamin died at home. He was eighty-four years old. He was known for contributing to the formation of the United States and representing the country. He was also known for experimenting with electricity and developing inventions.
Today, we honor Benjamin Franklin as one of our Founding Fathers and also as one of America’s greatest citizens. Although people think of Benjamin Franklin as a genius, he only had less than three years of good education. His curiosity is what kept challenging him to learn more about things. He was a very talented and skilled diplomat, that negotiated treaties with many places, such as Great Britain, Germany, Spain, Sweden, and France. He was also a well-respected scientist.
As you can see, Benjamin Franklin was many different things in his lifetime. Along with many other jobs and things, he was a publisher of the Pennsylvania Gazette. He created a new style of journalism. That style quickly became the foundation for all of American news coverage. It became the most successful newspaper in all of the colonies. The Pennsylvania Gazette printed the first political cartoon, done by Benjamin Franklin.
Benjamin Franklin also had a part in the signing of the constitution. He gave his final speech in the constitutional convention. He said that he did not entirely approve of the constitution. After awhile he finally said that he will agree in the signing of the constitution, because he thought that a general government would be a good and necessary thing for us.
Franklin also loved reading and writing things. He would read every book that he could get his hands on. He organized the country’s first subscription library. Reading and writing so many things is part of why he became so smart.
Benjamin Franklin had so many accomplishments in his life. One of his accomplishments was establishing the first fire company and the first fire insurance company so that people would be safer. Other accomplishments include all of his inventions, which were the invention of bifocal glasses, the Franklin Stove, the lightning rod, and swimming fins. Some other great accomplishments are being elected to the Pennsylvania Assembly, being chose president of the Pennsylvania executive council, his great skill in diplomacy, and being a framer of the Constitution.
One of Benjamin’s quotes on the Constitution is “Our new Constitution is now established, and has an appearance that promises permanency; but in the world nothing can be said to be certain except death and taxes. Another famous quote said by him is “They that can give up essential liberty to obtain a little temporary safety deserve liberty nor safety.”
An interesting fact about Benjamin Franklin is that when he was sixteen years old, he became a vegetarian so that he could save money in order to buy more books to read. Another interesting thing about him was that he was the oldest delegate to sign the Declaration of Independence, which took place on July 2, 1776. He was seventy years old when he signed it.
Experiments with electricity are mostly what brought Benjamin Franklin fame from around the world. His experiment of flying a kite in a thunderstorm, that showed and proved that lightning is an electrical discharge, plus his invention of the lightning rod, are the two most inventions that got him all his recognition in his experimenting with different things.
Another thing Franklin did was hold local public offices. He served as the deputy postmaster general of all of the colonies. He changed the postal system for the better. One thing he changed about the postal system was that he reorganized it. That made it more efficient and also more profitable.
So as you can probably see, Benjamin Franklin took part in so many different things throughout his lifetime. He had many accomplishments along with some hardships and challenges as well. He’s known as one of the greatest citizens in the world.
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Benjamin Franklin was one of America’s most famous writers, statesmen, politicians, humorists, and inventors. Witty, trenchant, brilliant, and practical, Franklin was a true rags-to-riches success story. Much of his life is known from his most beloved and important work, his Autobiography, a classic of the genre and undoubtedly a text that occupies a central place in American letters.
Franklin was born in 1709 in Boston to Josiah and Abiah Franklin. He was given a bit of schooling, but was then sent to work several trades. He apprenticed with his brother James at a printing shop and displayed an aptitude for it. The remarkably ambitious and articulate young Franklin wrote several pieces under the pseudonym “Silence Dogood” for his brother’s paper, gaining a reputation for incisiveness intelligence and insight.
Franklin objected to his brother’s cruel treatment as a master and ran away to Philadelphia, where he also worked in printing. Connections with influential men led him to London, then back to Philadelphia, where he eventually established his own print shop. In 1730 he married Deborah Read; they had two children, Francis and Sarah.
In Philadelphia Franklin quickly became a pillar of the intellectual and literary elite. He formed the Junto, a social group, and established the city’s first library, hospital, fire department, academy (which would become the University of Pennsylvania), and pan-religious public forum.
In the late 1720s and early 1730s Franklin began to print (and write and edit) his own newspaper, The Pennsylvania Gazette, as well as Poor Richard’s Almanac. The almanac was a popular genre at the time, and Franklin’s was a bestseller. It promoted his cherished values of common sense and skepticism. These writing endeavors netted him a lot of money, which he invested in real estate and other printing businesses.
Franklin became a Deist and engaged in scientific pursuits, focusing on electricity, meteorology, hydrodynamics, and others; his experiment with the key and the kite to determine if lightning is a form of electricity is justifiably acclaimed. He received several honorary degrees, including ones from Harvard and Yale.
By the 1750s the growing tensions between the colonies and Great Britain began to occupy most of Franklin's time. He put forth the Albany Plan during the French and Indian War, advocating greater colonial unity, and served as the representative from Pennsylvania to the Crown in 1757. Writing and conversation with leading English and Scottish thinkers was a common activity of his, as was arguing in his paper for peace and reconciliation.
Over time Franklin’s sentiments began to shift from amity towards breaking away from Britain. He was a delegate at the Second Continental Congress and helped Jefferson work on the Declaration of Independence. In 1776 he traveled to France as the Congress’s representative and became immensely popular amongst the French elite for his charm and wit. He helped sign the wartime alliance, and while there continued to work on the Autobiography, which he’d begun in 1771.
After the Revolutionary War Franklin settled in Philadelphia. He was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention, he was on the supreme council of Pennsylvania, and he accepted an appointment on the Pennsylvania Society for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery. He died of pleurisy on April 17th, 1790, indisputably one of the greatest men of his age.